How To Survive On A Desert

Desert



Well, have you ever of travelling on a desert? Desert are very hard places to live , it hard to get water , food and other basic needs. Beside , that keep it in mind that in desert there exist dangerous creatures like snakes , scorpions and others, Talking about the scorching sun , so in this blog i will teach you some tactics which you can use to survive in a desert.


It’s the stuff of nightmares – suddenly you’re on your own, somewhere wild, with nothing to help you survive. Could you make it out alive? Here we aim to give you some tips that might improve the chances of that. It’s not an SAS-style survival bible, but a few things it would be useful to remember in a pinch. In order to survive, we all need food, water, shelter, warmth and air. In most places on Earth, air is not a problem – so this won’t cover the places that are. But you should start thinking of the other four points as quickly as possible if you ever find yourself in a survivalist situation. Your first step if you are suddenly lost in the wilderness is usually to make a safe, comfortable shelter, start a fire and find a safe water source. Next, carefully assess your environment, looking for landmarks and working out which way is north, and make a plan. List everything that you have that you can use. This will help calm you down and boost your morale. If people know where you are, your best bet is to stay still until they find you. Similarly, if you can use smoke from your fire or a shiny surface to signal with, you could try to stay where you are and signal people to come to you. Yet the plan will differ according to your environment and circumstances. People probably won’t know where you are if you’ve washed ashore on a desert island. Extremes of heat and cold are especially challenging for finding enough to eat and drink. And in jungles, insects pose particular problems. Whatever you do, don’t panic and rush away unprepared. Take the time you need to make sure you’re as well equipped as possible for your environment – that way you might get back safely.
Water


Without water, you’ll die in a few days. Your body is three-quarters water by weight. You lose water when sweating, peeing and pooping. This all has to be replaced. Even in comfortable climates your body needs about two litres a day to stay healthy. You need much more if you’re travelling in hot places. Some recommend drinking a litre for every four miles covered, even if travelling at night, and twice that in the day. In cold places you also need more water because it’s harder to move around and you need to generate more heat. You also need water to cook with, and to keep yourself clean. In fact, you need so much water, it’s best to find reliable, clean sources like rivers and stay fairly close to them. That’s especially difficult in deserts, where you need most water. You could try following a dried-up river bed in the hopes of finding a stream. Salty desert lakes can be found, in which case digging a shallow hole about 30 metres from the lake may yield potable water, as rain from the dunes travelling to the lake will gradually gather there. You can do something similar on beaches. Finding water in rocky places can be hard, but you should look for springs and seepages. For example, in a clay landscape you might see an area with more plants where the rock is wetter. In jungles water is often plentiful, but contaminated. Water purification tablets are best here, but you can filter water through fabric. You can also find water pooled on big leaves or in tree trunks, but you should purify this too. Given water is so important, it’s good that there are many ways to find it. It’s worth remembering a few ways, in case you’re ever in desperate need of a drink.
Shelter


Shelter can give you both a physical and mental boost. In cold environments, the only way you can rest is in a warm shelter, out of the wind. In a hot place a shelter could protect you from getting too hot. But even when things are fairly comfortable, a shelter can give an added boost of better sleep and feeling cosier. It will protect you from unpleasant changes in the weather, or interruptions from animals and biting insects. The kind of shelter you choose will depend on how much time you have available to set one up, and how long you intend to use it. For just one night there are various simple shelters you could make, or you could use a natural shelter. If you need to stay for longer, you should improve the shelter to make yourself more comfortable. There are also unique considerations in different environments. If you are somewhere cold and snowy your shelter needs to be easy to build, because the cold saps your energy. It should also be windproof and warm, but let enough air out to avoid suffocating yourself. Insects are a big problem in jungle environments, and can be hard to avoid if you haven’t planned to be sleeping wild. At the very least you should try to shelter away from bodies of water, and with something between you and the ground. That could just be a piece of fabric, but if you can raise yourself higher off the ground, that would be even better.
Fire


When it comes to survival, few things boost your mental attitude like fire. It’s near the top of the list of wilderness tools because it’s so versatile. You should build one as soon as you have shelter. It can help dry your clothes, cook meals, sterilise water, repel insects, make tools, cast light and do many other things. But it’s not always easy to make a fire. The best conditions for making a fire will be when it’s fine and dry, with a light breeze. This kind of weather is ideal for practising how to do it. But often in the wilderness it will be rainy. Then you’ll need to find shelter, for example a rock shelf. A large tree or tarpaulin might also work, but need to be far enough away as to not risk setting them on fire. You can also find a fat log, split it open and light a fire from underneath. You should be able to find dry wood for fuel in sheltered spots. If you’re building a fire on wet ground, mud or snow, you could make a log platform to start your fire on. If you’re somewhere so windy it makes it hard to get a fire started, you can dig a pit to start it in. Often you will be able to find wood to build a fire with, but that may not always be possible in arctic conditions. In these chilly circumstances, you may be able to burn peat, rotten vegetation that looks a bit like soil, seaweed or animal dung. Thankfully, there are many ways that you can design a campfire. We only touch on a few here, but there are lots of different options depending on your circumstances. If you’re serious about learning wilderness survival, it’s important to carefully practise making them.
Directions


If your vehicle breaks down, or if you get off the track you were following, you need to find your way to your destination. Ideally you would have a map and compass and a device with GPS, but in the worst case scenario you might not even have that. How could you get to a safe place? Throughout the history of humanity, we’ve used the Sun and stars to navigate by. If you know that the Sun rises in the east and sets in the west, and that the Sun is due south at its highest point, you can in principle follow a straight line out of the wilderness. Using the stars, you can look for the pole star in the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Cross in the Southern Hemisphere. Landscape features can also act as guides. Streams, rivers and lakes can help stop you going back on yourself.
Food


Hunger is another of the many discomforts the wilderness brings. It comes when our energy levels are low. In emergency situations, most humans will be able to survive for short periods by eating 500 to 800 calories per day. However, if you are in very hot or cold conditions, regulating your body temperature will use up more energy than normal. Humans have long hunted animals as a wild food source, but you may not have the skills to do this and there might not be any around. You can eat some insects, and there are many plants to eat. But not every plant is edible – if in doubt, don’t eat it. If a mouthful of plant burns or irritates the mouth, it should not be swallowed, but this can’t always be relied upon.
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